This was the first fatal aviation accident and first hull loss of a 737 MAX. [153] Asian low-cost carrier Lion Air Group took delivery of the first on March 21, 2018, before entering service with Thai Lion Air. [124] Boeing plans to improve its range from 3,850 nmi (4,430 mi; 7,130 km) to 3,915 nmi (4,505 mi; 7,251 km) after 2021. [48], The first flight took place on January 29, 2016, at Renton Municipal Airport,[49] nearly 49 years after the maiden flight of the original 737-100, on April 9, 1967. All 189 people on board died. Every jurisdiction that either houses or hosts the 737 MAX is going to have to clear the aircraft to fly. [97] Main Cabin Extra is a standard Main Cabin Economy Class-style seat with additional legroom. First, let’s look at the third generation 737 aircraft side by side. [113] The new nacelles being larger and more forward possess aerodynamic properties which act to further increase the pitch rate. [72] [130] WestJet also converted its order for MAX 7s, originally due for delivery in 2019, into MAX 8s and is not expected to take any MAX 7s until at least 2021. | OneTrust Cookie Settings. The delivery rate will also condition the production rate for new aircraft, to avoid compounding the problem. On December 3, 2020, American Airlines made a demonstration flight for journalists to explain the FAA-required modifications, to regain public trust. Boeing is committed to serving and supporting its customers. [38] Boeing planned to increase its 737 MAX monthly production rate from 42 planes in 2017, to 57 planes by 2019. [168][169] Entry into service is slated for July 2020. [37], A new spar-assembly line with robotic drilling machines should increase throughput by 33%. By November 17, 2011 there were 700 commitments from nine customers including Lion Air and SMBC Aviation Capital. [38], To mitigate the pitch-up tendency of the new flight geometry from the engines being located further forward and higher than previous engines, Boeing added the new Maneuvering Characteristics Augmentation System. [21] The order broke Boeing's monopoly with the airline and forced Boeing into a re-engined 737. [102] Boeing plans no major modifications for the 737 MAX flight deck, as it wants to maintain commonality with the 737 Next Generation family. [103] Most of the systems are carried from the 737NG for a short differences-training course to upgrade flight crews. [190], On October 29, 2018, Lion Air Flight 610, 737 MAX 8 registration PK-LQP, plunged into the Java Sea 13 minutes after takeoff from Soekarno–Hatta International Airport, Jakarta, Indonesia. Before the aircraft can resume service, repairs must be implemented per a forthcoming airworthiness directive from the FAA. [31], In November 2014, McNerney said the 737 would be replaced by a new airplane by 2030, slightly bigger and with new engines but keeping its general configuration, probably a composite airplane. Following the Lion Air crash, Boeing issued an operational manual guidance, advising airlines on how to address erroneous cockpit readings. [42] After parked airplanes peaked at 53 at the beginning of September, Boeing reduced this by nine the following month, as deliveries rose to 61 from 29 in July and 48 in August. [138] An order with Ryanair for 100 aircraft was finalized in December 2014. Wherever. To summarise; MCAS will trim the Stabilizer down for up to 9.26 seconds (2.5 deg nose down) and pause for 5 seconds and repeat if the conditions (high angle of attack, flaps up and autopilot disengaged) continue to be met. [128] It reached 250 kn (460 km/h) and 25,000 ft (7,600 m), performed a low approach, systems checks and an inflight engine restart, and landed at Boeing's flight test center in Moses Lake, Washington. The aircraft had been delivered to Lion Air two months earlier. In early 2017, a new -8 was valued at $52.85 million, rising to below $54.5 million by mid 2018. It took its maiden flight on January 29, 2016 and was certified by the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) in March 2017. [166], The variant configuration was firmed up by February 2018,[167] and by mid-2018, the critical design review was completed. [123] It is to fly 1,000 nmi (1,900 km) farther than the -700 with 18% lower fuel costs per seat. [179][180] By December 2011, the 737 MAX had 948 commitments and firm orders from thirteen customers. [87] By early April, the COVID-19 pandemic led Boeing to shut down its other airliner production lines[88] and further delayed recertification of the MAX. The 737 Max crisis has stymied Boeing's growth. Copyright © 1995 - 2020 Boeing. [33] On December 8, 2015, the first 737 MAX—a MAX 8 named Spirit of Renton—was rolled out at the Boeing Renton Factory. Boeing found foreign object debris in the fuel tanks of 35 of 50 grounded 737 MAX aircraft that were inspected, and is to check the remainder of the 400 undelivered planes. Copa Chairman Stanley Motta adds that "with the 737 MAX our customers will enjoy all the benefits of the best technology available in the market. However, the Oneworld member is “rethinking” previous plans to install lie-fat seats onto the single-aisle jet, and could opt instead for a more conventional recliner. The Electroimpact automated panel assembly line sped up the wing lower-skin assembly by 35%. [155] In early 2017, Boeing showed a 66 in (1.7 m) stretch to 143 feet (44 m), enabling seating for 230 in a single class or 189 in two-class capacity, compared to 193 in two-class seating for the A321neo. On Oct. 29, 2018, a Lion Air 737 MAX was the first of two passenger jets to crash. [149], The 737 MAX 9 will replace the 737-900 and has a longer fuselage than the MAX 8. Las dudas sobre la seguridad de los aviones Boeing 737 Max hizo que la compañía difundiera cientos de mensajes internos como muestra de transparencia. The 737 MAX 8 entered service in May 2017,[2] and the MAX 9 entered service in March 2018. [155], Boeing hopes that 737-900 operators and 737 MAX 9 customers like United Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Alaska Airlines, Air Canada, Lion Air, and Chinese airlines will be interested in the new variant. [79] [182] In January 2017, aircraft leasing company GECAS ordered 75. Boeing did not publicly say how long the suspension would last. 1A002 was used for performance and engine testing: climb and landing performance, crosswind, noise, cold weather, high altitude, fuel burn and water-ingestion. [11] The airplane's Maneuvering Characteristics Augmentation System (MCAS) had malfunctioned on both flights. MCAS is designed to activate in manual flight, with the airplane's flaps up, at an elevated Angle of Attack (AOA). Malaysia Airlines Bhd. [148], Airlines have been shown a 737-8ERX concept based on the 737 MAX 8 with a higher 194,700 lb (88.3 t) maximum take-off weight using wings, landing gear and central section from the MAX 9 to provide a longer range of 4,000 nautical miles (4,600 mi; 7,400 km) with seating for 150, closer to the Airbus A321LR. A typical flight reaches an altitude of 25,000 feet in about 10 minutes. Built to compete with the Airbus A320neo, the 737 Max is a family of commercial aircraft that consists of four models. In 2006, Boeing started considering the replacement of the 737 with a "clean-sheet" design that could follow the Boeing 787 Dreamliner. Inner beauty? [80], CFM International reduced production of the 737 MAX's CFM LEAP-1B, in favor of the A320neo's LEAP-1A, but is prepared to meet demand for both aircraft. It is based on earlier 737 designs, with more efficient CFM International LEAP-1B engines, aerodynamic changes including its distinctive split-tip winglets, and airframe modifications. CST-100 Starliner Test Article domes mated into full capsule for first time at Kennedy Space Center. Cumulative Boeing 737 MAX orders and deliveries, The global fleet of nearly 400 737 MAXs flew 500,000 flights from March 2017 to March 2019, and experienced two fatal accidents for an accident rate of four accidents per million flights when it was grounded. 387 delivered to customers as of March 2019, Airframe only: $1–1.8 billion; including engine development: $2–3B, 28–29 in (71–74 cm) in high density, 29–30 in (74–76 cm) in economy, 36 in (91 cm) in business, 117 ft 10 in / 35.92 m span, 1,370 sq ft (127 m, 6,820 USgal / 25,816 L – 45,694 lb / 20,730 kg (no, *Overlapping production times like between the 747-400 and the 747-8 have been decided in favor of newer models, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 20:01. [38] Other improvements include a re-contoured tail cone, revised auxiliary power unit inlet and exhaust, aft-body vortex generators removal and other small aerodynamic improvements. [159] Boeing predicts a 5% lower trip cost and seat cost compared to the A321neo. It feels great to fly on a 737 MAX – that’s how you know you’re on one. Boeing faces legal and financial consequences, as no deliveries of the MAX could be made while the aircraft was grounded, and airlines cancelled more orders than Boeing produced during this period; a portion of those aircraft have lost their original buyers. [2] Norwegian Air subsidiary Norwegian Air International was the second airline to put a 737 MAX into service, when it performed its first transatlantic flight with a MAX 8 named Sir Freddie Laker on July 15, 2017, between Edinburgh Airport in Scotland and Bradley International Airport in the US state of Connecticut, followed by a second rotation from Edinburgh to Stewart Airport, New York. How far are you going? – discuss] as an alternative to the MAX 7 to replace its fleet of over 400 737-700s, with deliveries from 2025. The Boeing 737 MAX is the fourth generation of the Boeing 737, a narrow-body airliner manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes (BCA). [17] In February 2011, Boeing's CEO Jim McNerney maintained "We're going to do a new airplane. [89] By late April 2020, Boeing signaled it hoped to win regulatory approval by August 2020. [144] In November 2019, Ryanair informed its pilots that, due to an unspecified design issue with the additional over-wing exit doors, it did not expect to receive any MAX 200s until late April or early May 2020, with "at best" 10 aircraft in service for the peak summer season. 737 MAX features a nicely updated flight deck, using Boeing’s latest display technology. [140], In mid-November 2018, the first of the 135 ordered by Ryanair rolled out, in a 197-seat configuration. According to a press release, Aeroméxico has coordinated with the manufacturer Boeing and the Mexican Federal Civil Aviation Agency for all the required steps and tests necessary to reincorporate the Boeing 737 MAX into operation.Currently, the airline has received six of the MAX 8 with another 44 expected to be delivered and a further 10 MAX … The captain was a … The 737 MAX family is designed to offer the greatest flexibility, reliability and efficiency in the single-aisle market. Lion Airlines Boeing 737 (MAX); PK-LQP Tanjung Karawang, West Java, Republic of Indonesia 29 October 2018", "Boeing issues operational manual guidance to airlines following Lion Air crash", "Ethiopian Airlines: 'No survivors' on crashed Boeing 737", "Ethiopian Airlines Boeing 737 MAX involved in fatal crash", "Ethiopian Airlines crash: inquiry to explore how 'excellent' pilot was unable to avert disaster", "Investigators find 2nd piece of key evidence in crash of Boeing 737 Max 8 in Ethiopia", "Ethiopian Airlines crew 'followed rules, unable to control jet, "When Will the Boeing 737 MAX Fly Again? [4], Between June 29 and July 1, 2020, the FAA and Boeing conducted a series of recertification test flights. [172] The MAX 10 has similar capacity as A321XLR, but shorter range and much poorer field performance in smaller airports than A321XLR. 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