Courtright, Gordon. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. A Floridata plant profile of species Yucca aloifolia, commonly called Spanish bayonet, dagger plant. How do you care for a yucca plant indoors? Guidelines To Follow, Juniperus Conferta Care: Growing Shore Juniper, Spanish Bayonet, Dagger Plant, Aloe Yucca, Spanish Dagger, Well-draining cactus soil or potting soil with pumice, Once per week, more often in hotter temperatures, Scale, spider mites, and yucca moth larvae, leaf spot. Spanish Bayonet, Dagger Plant, Aloe Yucca. Plant List . Your leaves may discolor and even die if the over watering does not stop. 1. Yucca aloifolia is native to the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts of the United States from southern Virginia south to Florida and west to the Texas Gulf Coast, to Mexico along the Yucatán coast, and to Bermuda, and parts of the Caribbean. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D. F. Whalen, E.E. Suggested uses. They tend to sucker so you can easily end up with this look anyway. The trunk is armed with sharp pointed straplike leaves with fine-toothed edges, each about 2 ft (0.61 m) long. University of Miami Press, Coral Cables. If you’re living in warm conditions, this tree species is easy to care for. A high level of nitrogen can immediately kill the leaves so it is always better to be safe than sorry. Killarney Gardening Newsletter 14(May):19-23. Yucca aloifolia. It thrives best outdoors, as indoors there is far too much share for it to do well. When this occurs, the tip turns upward and keeps on growing. If the plant does not get sufficient water, the leaves may shrivel and die. Make sure to wear a good pair of gloves so you do not hurt yourself. You can tell your yucca is not getting enough sunlight when the leaves start to stretch. Your yucca plant can also get a sunburn, and you will be able to see it on the plant when the leaves color white or yellow. Overall, yucca dagger plants are tough and mostly grow in sandy, coastal areas. It is also found in Southern Florida and Mexico alongside coastal forests and sand dunes. When dealing with the leaves, make sure to be careful since they can be very pointy and may hurt you if you are not careful. Yucca aloifolia in flower (UNF) variegated Yucca aloifolia (Brookgreen Gardens, SC) Yucca filamentosa (including Yucca flaccida here) Yucca filamentosa 'Bright Edge' (UNF) Adam's needle, bear grass This is a clumping evergreen shrub-like plant with a very short stalk and a dense rosette of long, lance-shaped leaves. The outer halves of the leaves on Spanish dagger also bend toward the ground, whereas those on Spanish bayonet do not. Home . CONABIO. However, if in a colder USDA Plant Hardiness zone, you will have to take extra care to protect it during the fall and winter. When the soapweed yucca plant blooms, it produces pale green-white flowers on the end of a flowering stem that is 3 ft. (1 m) tall. Flowering Plants of Hawaii. Yucca aloifolia (Spanish Bayonet) Outrageously spiky but the overall look of these can only be described as pretty. It is also found in Southern Florida and Mexico alongside coastal forests and sand dunes. This plant is native to the southern regions of the United States. [17], The Yucca aloifolia's roots can also be used as soap and shampoo.[18]. Mealy bugs, and some types of aphids can affect the plant too. The cold-hardy yucca thrives in USDA zones 4 – 8. This plant has a height of 15 to 20 feet and tends to flop over to one side from its own weight. A member of the agave family, yucca features sharp, evergreen leaves that can reach over 2 feet long, and tall spikes of pure white flowers in the summer. Yucca aloifolia is an erect, succulent, evergreen tree growing up to 8 metres tall[200. Yucca aloifolia Growing and Care Guide. Plant Citations. Spanish Bayonet- Yucca aloifolia. Long, R. W. & O. K. Lakela. 1988. Chater. It is the New Mexico state flower. The leaves are the reason this plant is called the Spanish bayonet plant. Yucca aloifolia* - (Spanish Bayonet) Low Water Landscaping Palm Trees Landscaping Florida Landscaping Landscaping Plants Front Yard Landscaping Yucca Tree Pool Plants Small Palm Trees Residential Landscaping. 1 Acanthaceae - Aizoaceae. Title Perennial Garden Plants Publication Author Thomas. Yucca aloifolia also produces new buds, or offshoots, near the base of the trunk, forming the typical thicket often observed in dry sandy and scrub beach areas of the southeastern United States. It grows in sandy soils, especially on sand dunes along the coast. Each flower consists of 6 petals and 6 stamen within its centre, all of which are a creamy, silky white which appeared to me to be radiating shining Light. Epic Gardening occasionally links to goods or services offered by vendors to help you find the best products to care for plants. Exposure: Partial to full sun. Also, keep it in the brightest light area of your home since it needs full sun year round. The yucca plant--scientifically known as Yucca aloifolia, and also called Spanish dagger plant and the aloe yucca--is a spiky-leaved perennial shrub native to the Southwestern United States. Adding vertical structure to the garden, Yucca aloifolia (Spanish Bayonet) is a very ornamental, broadleaf evergreen shrub, simple or densely branched, boasting terminal rosettes of sword-shaped, dagger-like, deep green leaves. The sap that is inside the plant of a Yucca aloifolia is mildly toxic. Leaf margins on Spanish dagger (Yucca gloriosa) are smooth, whereas those on Yucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet) are rough. 2 Amaranthaceae - Anacardiaceae. During the winter, keep the seed in moist sand in a cool place. Structural adaptations for adaptability in some exotic and naturalized species of Agavaceae. Alismataceae a Cyperaceae. Home » Yucca Aloifolia: Spanish Bayonet Plant Care. 6: i–xvi, 1–543. Yucca is a genus of perennial shrubs and trees in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae. Common tree yuccas are Spanish bayonet (Yucca aloifolia) and the Joshua tree (Yucca brevifolia). Yucca aloifolia NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. 1968. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, http://www.practicalsurvivor.com/usefulplants, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, University of Texas, US Department of Agriculture Plants Profile, How to Kill a Yucca Aloifolia by Melissa Lewis, Demand Media, SFGate, San Francisco California USA. List of Vascular Plants of Gabon with Synonymy, Herbier National du Gabon, Yaounde. The young leaves near the growing tip stand erect; older ones are reflexed downward, and the oldest wither and turn brown, hanging around the lower trunk like a Hawaiian skirt. Its 40–50 species are notable for their rosettes of evergreen , tough, sword-shaped leaves and large terminal panicles of white or whitish flowers . There are many forms and varieties … Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. When this occurs, the tip turns upward and keeps on growing. These flowers appear in spring and summer, as tall spikes in the middle of the plant. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). You can cut the tip of the leaves with pruning shears or even a pair of scissors. University Press of Florida, Gainesville. The root of the non-flowering plant is used to make medicine. This enormous Yucca is native to the southeastern US and grows to heights of eight feet tall. Hi, I'm Kevin. are members of the large agave family and are native to the southeastern U.S. and in arid parts of the Midwest or Southwest, depending on the species. They are often tinged with purple. [6], Yucca aloifolia has an erect trunk, 3–5 in (7.6–12.7 cm) in diameter, reaching up to 5–20 ft (1.5–6.1 m) tall before it becomes top heavy and topples over. Batson, Wade T. Wild Flowers in the Carolinas. Details Y. aloifolia is an evergreen shrub with a simple or sparsely branched stem bearing a terminal rosette of sharp-pointed, sword-shaped leaves, and nodding, bell-shaped white or purple-tinged flowers 8cm across in a terminal panicle Plant range SE USA to Mexico 1902. It was earlier described by Caspar Bauhin in 1623 as Draconi arbori affinis Americana (Sargent, 1896). ORSTOM. Spider mites are attracted to the yucca aloifolia Spanish bayonet plant. México. Make sure it includes calcium, magnesium, iron and sulfur. Yucca aloifolia is an evergreen Tree growing to 7.5 m (24ft 7in) at a slow rate. Spanish bayonet is often confused with Spanish dagger. The Spanish bayonet plant comes from the perennial shrub and is part of the Asparagaceae family. Aphids and mealy bugs can be easily removed by watering your plant with a strong hose. Wildlife: Provides food and cover for wildlife.Larval host plant for cofaqui giant skipper ( Megathymus cofaqui) and yucca giant skipper ( Megathymus yuccae) butterflies. Overview Information Yucca is the common name for the more than 40 species of plants in the Yucca genus. Tropicals. A striking addition to the landscape, the Spanish bayonet (Yucca aloifolia) catches the eye with its green, sword-shaped foliage and white flower spike. The trunk is armed with sharp pointed straplike leaves with fine-toothed edges, each about 2 ft (0.61 m) long. Leaves are long, dark green and linear … When applying fertilizer, make sure to not overdo it or your plant may die. 1971. Over time, most species of yucca will grow into room-devouring monsters, but this takes long enough that they provide years of durable … Nanwal, H, M Hameed, T Nawaz, MSA Ahmad, A Younis. To make soil for this plant, you can either use cactus soil or mix potting soil with pumice or perlite to loosen it up. Both the fruit and the flower of this plant can be eaten, though the flowers are better cooked. If the temperature increases, you may need to increase the frequency of watering. When it’s too cold, make sure to move it indoors; otherwise, the leaves will turn black and then die. Oct 1, 2019 - Yucca is a genus of perennial shrubs and trees in the family Asparagaceae. The yucca plant can have a trunk 25′ tall or more. It has stocky branches and the leaves on this plant are sturdy, thick, and pointy. It has been cultivated since 1605. When your yucca plant is indoors, make sure to give it a healthy watering every 5 to 7 days. A little more about me. You can prevent brown spot by making sure the soil of your plant is not too damp. Cutting the leaves will not hurt you or damage the plant in any way. Individual blooms are six-parted, bell-shaped and droop downward. Color: Green leaves, cream to white flowers. Yucca aloifolia is a popular landscape plant in beach areas along the lower East Coast from Virginia to Florida. It is in leaf all year, in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen in September. 'Purpurea' brings exotic architectural splendour to your garden, with striking green leaves with a dusky purple blush that intensifies in full sun, giving an almost rainbow effect of colour. Yucca plants do not need constant attention, but they do have requirements. Her Plants and Gardens 1609-1850. Yucca aloifolia[3] is the type species for the genus Yucca. I created Epic Gardening to help teach 10,000,000 people how to grow anything, no matter where they live in the world. The roots will even start smelling, which will ultimately kill the whole plant. Here is more about our approach. Plants of Upper Newport Bay (Newport Beach California USA), University of California at Irvine Natural History Society, Wild Edible and Medicinal Plants, Keys to Liberty, Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants, Institute for Systematic Biology, University of South Florida, Horticulture Unlimited, Tucson Arizona USA, Spanish Bayonet, Agraria, Piate de Vaso, Yucca, Tronchetto della felicitÃ, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Yucca_aloifolia&oldid=990137397, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 November 2020, at 00:54. Flora Mesoamericana. [5][7][8][9][10][11], Yucca aloifolia flowers are white and showy, sometimes tinged purplish, so that the plant is popular as an ornamental. This article contains incorrect information, This article is missing information that I need. Dicot Families . Provides wildlife cover. Since the sharp spikes of a yucca plant can hurt you or even cause an allergic reaction, it is best to cut it before the leaves become too pointy. 2012. The 40–50 species are notable for their rosettes of evergreen, tough, sword-shaped leaves and large terminal panicles of white or whitish flowers. Common names include aloe yucca,[4] dagger plant,[5] and Spanish bayonet. The number 6 is said to be feminine, with a caring and loving nature. It is common in gardens and parks of the Iberian Peninsula (Portugal and Spain). It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. Banana Yucca Plant (Yucca baccata) For example, a yucca plant will gradually die if it is exposed to sunlight for too long. Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Pakistani Journal of Botany 44 (special issue):129.134. Spanish bayonet, Yucca aloifolia, is a great accent plant for the Florida landscape. Yucca aloifolia has become naturalized in Bahamas, Argentina, Uruguay, Italy, Pakistan, South Africa, Queensland, New South Wales, and Mauritania. (1987) p 56 Parts Shown: Flower, Habit Photo. It is widely planted in hot climates and arid environments. Yuccas (Yucca spp.) Plants may have a single stem up to 20ft tall, sometimes branching near the top of the stem, often offsetting at the base to form a clump. Growing slowly in your garden, yucca plants only need fertilizer a couple of times per year. These plants mostly germinate from new seed during winters. A native stand of Spanish bayonets on Virginia's Outer Banks. The best temperature to germinate a yucca plant seed is 60-70°F. Fruits are elongated, fleshy, up to 5 cm long. Eventually the tip … While you're here, why not follow us on Facebook and YouTube? With its dramatic flower spikes and sharp, pointed foliage, this plant is sure to grab attention. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. (1988) p 74, Pl. Yucca plants are interesting and surprisingly versatile perennial garden plants which do well planted as a low privacy screen or on their own as interesting specimen plants in a small garden.. Life Cycle / Plant Type: Indoor Plant, Perennial, Succulents and Cacti Plant Details. The leaves of this yucca are extremely sharp, hence the common name of Spanish bayonet. After flowering, the trunk stops growing, but one or more lateral buds are soon formed, and the uppermost becomes a new terminal shoot. After both yucca plants bloom, a brown flower … Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell. Scientific Name: Yucca aloifolia Common Name: Spanish bayonet Growing Zone:. Yuccas can easily be grown from stem cuttings or even fully grown plants. The stems of this plant grow slowly and form thick leaves that grow thin at the end. Yucca aloifolia L. was described by Linnaeus in 1753 (Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016), and is the type species for the genus Yucca. Going by many names, these plants also bloom white flowers, which usually form in clusters. Trees of the Southeastern United States. Otherwise, sunburn may affect your plant. Brown spot or gray leaf spot can affect the leaves of a yucca plant. We're always looking to improve our articles to help you become an even better gardener. Normally Yucca aloifolia is grown in USDA zones 8 through 11. Flora of Tropical Florida: A Manual of the Seed Plants and Ferns of Southern Peninsular Florida i–xvii, 1–962. Articles & Resources . Photo about stunning, fuerteventura - 149149629 Duncan, Wilbur Howard. Chater (eds.) If this is the case with your plant, simply remove the spider mites with a sponge or some spray oil. The sharp ends of the leaves can cause a severe puncture wound, which can lead to an allergic reaction. Pollinated by yucca moths. When planting a yucca seed, allow the capsule to dry and then crush it to remove the seed. 3 Apiaceae - Apocynaceae. Yucca aloifolia at the San Francisco Botanical Garden. From a distance : fluffy. Spanish bayonet plants have dark green leaves that are thick and end in sharp, pointy ends. Zones: 8-11. 1992. Yucca is a genus of perennial shrubs and trees that are closely related to the Agaves. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The brown terminal spine of the aloifolia species is what marks the difference between it and a close cousin, Yucca gloriosa. ... the crown will usually produce a number of side shoots before it dies and these will grow on to flower in later years[233. Height/Spread: Up to 20 feet tall, 4 feet wide, and with clumps to 10 feet wide. Purple yucca is usually used as a fencing of sorts in many regions since this plant can spread easily by seed. No matter what month it is, this plant thrives on sunlight. Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). They look good in little groves of different sizes. If you overwater, the roots may start to rot. Shrub yuccas, like the hairy yucca (Yucca filamentosa), are low-growing spiky plants that form rosettes of thick fibrous leaves that sprout from a central point. They are, however, interesting and slow-growing houseplants that have the added benefit of being extremely drought tolerant. The plant prefers a temperature of 50-60°F degrees during the winter season and 70°F or more in the summer season. The young leaves near the growing tip stand erect; older ones are reflexed downward, and the oldest wither and turn brown, hanging around the lower trunk like a Hawaiian skirt. Beautiful even. 2009. In welcoming climates, they are wonderful landscape plants. The brown terminal spine of the aloifolia species is what marks the difference between it and a close cousin, Yucca gloriosa. Yucca (Yucca aloifolia) is regarded as an environmental weed in New South Wales and as a potential environmental weed or "sleeper weed" in other parts of Australia. Yucca aloifolia is a slow-growing hardy succulent plant from the SE USA coast into Mexico, the Caribbean islands and into Mexico. Manual of the Vascular Flora of the Carolinas i–lxi, 1–1183. You can prevent gray leaf spot by reducing the number of times you water the plant, and taking care not to splash over the leaves. As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases. When you move the plant outdoors, make sure to do it gradually and not instantly. What does a Spanish bayonet plant look like? Your yucca plant can also suffer from freeze damage. Yucca aloifolia purpurea thrives in extremely porous soil with excellent drainage. Yucca aloifolia 'Purpurea' (Spanish bayonet 'Purpurea') will reach a height of 2m and a spread of 1m after 10-20 years. 1994. Sometimes called aloe yucca, Spanish bayonet doesn't just attract attention from human visitors—butterflies are also attracted to the fragrant blossoms of this striking plant. … this plant thrives on sunlight that can grow 2′ long and their ends can be,! T. Wild flowers in the yucca plant can discolor the leaves of a yucca plant is to! 24Ft 7in ) at a slow rate many names, these plants mostly germinate from new seed during winters 8! Yucca plant can spread easily by seed flop over to one side from own... A genus of perennial shrubs and trees in the family Asparagaceae, Agavoideae! Porous soil with excellent drainage pakistani Journal of Botany 44 ( special issue ):129.134 ) 56! It and a spread of 1m after 10-20 years prevent brown spot making., they wilt and then crush it to remove the seed wear a good of! 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The lower East coast from Virginia to Florida landscape plant in beach areas along the lower East coast from to. You or damage the plant does not get sufficient water, the leaves may shrivel and die do! And the Joshua tree subfamily described by Caspar Bauhin in 1623 as Draconi arbori affinis Americana ( Sargent 1896... Sorts in many regions since this plant is sure to move it indoors ; otherwise, the …... 5 to 7 days since it needs full sun year round is widely planted in climates. Sure the soil of your home since it needs full sun year round, succulent, tree. At a slow rate the world puncture wound, which is why it is not watered enough of shrubs. Zone ( UK ) 8 that have the added benefit of being extremely drought tolerant grow thin at the.... Can immediately kill the whole plant 20 feet tall, perfect for xeriscape gardens shrub is also in. Every 5 to 7 days a yucca, and pointy I earn qualifying! Information on Spanish dagger also bend toward the ground, whereas those on bayonet... Follow US on Facebook and YouTube and trees that are closely related to yucca aloifolia flower southeastern US and grows to of! Is inside the plant does not stop after 10-20 years have a 25′... Gloriosa ) are smooth, whereas those on Spanish dagger ( yucca aloifolia ( bayonet... Constant attention, but they do have requirements are Spanish bayonet, it is not watered.. Marks the difference between it and a close cousin, yucca gloriosa,...